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    价值新纪元——科技新视角 强国新气象
    作者:中国纺织 时间:2017-12-26 评论(1)

    编者按:
          科技、时尚、绿色纺织,既体现了一种发展的新价值理念,也指出了一条和谐发展之路,这条路将在未来的一段时间内,支撑起一个崭新的纺织工业,改写中国纺织原有的发展轨迹和留在人们心中的旧有形象。纺织的明天将如一轮初升的旭日,满载信心和希望,充满朝气和力量。
          2017 年距离纺织强国建设目标越来越近,行业贯彻落实《纺织工业“十三五”发展规划》、《建设纺织强国纲要(2011-2020 年)》和《纺织工业“十三五”科技进步纲要》,在纤维材料、纺织、染整、产业用纺织品、纺织装备、信息化各领域取得了一系列创新成果。
          中国纺织工业联合会副会长李陵申在“建设纺织强国纲要(2011-2020 年)”科技篇执行情况中期评估时指出:“纺织科技创新与新兴科技交叉融合形成多维发展空间。纺织科技创新主题向‘高效、多元、高质、融合、绿色、智能、超限、服务’等视角突破。行业科技创新和技术进步取得显著成效,创新能力稳步提升,有力地支撑了产业结构调整的持续深入、规模效益的稳定增长和绿色发展。”

    纤维新材料
    三管齐下 稳步推进
         纤维新材料的发展是近年来纺织工业的热点,进入“十二五”以来行业持续重视新材料的发展,差别化、功能化纤维加工及产品开发技术取得突破,差别化率不断提高。2016 年,我国化纤产量4943 万吨,占世界总量的70%,化纤占我国纺织纤维加工总量的84%。而化纤的差别化率达到60.2%,比2011 年提高了10 个百分点。
         纤维新材料包含很多方面,高性能纤维材料、生物基纤维、以及常规纤维的多功能化、高性能化都是纤维新材料的研究领域。目前我国已成为高新技术纤维生产品种覆盖面最广的国家;高性能纤维材料加工技术进一步提高;高性能纤维产能、潜在消费量世界第一;部分高新技术纤维的生产及应用技术达到国际领先水平;高性能纤维已基本满足国防军工、航空航天的需要。而常规纤维的多功能化、高性能化和低成本也处于领先国家行列。我国功能性纤维材料已基本达到国际领先水平,开发出的阻燃、抑菌、抗静电等功能性纤维在特种纺织品、交通工具内饰材料、高档纺织品、医用卫材等领域广泛应用。生物基化学纤维及原料核心技术取得新进展,逐步形成产业规模。新溶剂法纤维素纤维、壳聚糖纤维、生物基聚酰胺纤维、海藻酸盐纤维的纺丝、后整理产业化关键原创性技术取得重大突破。高性能纤维品种齐全,产能规模已居世界前列。碳纤维、聚酰亚胺纤维、高性能聚乙烯纤维、高模量芳纶纤维、聚四氟乙烯纤维等生产工艺技术进步明显,实现了产业化;碳纤维、芳纶、玄武岩纤维等高水平研发体系逐步形成。后道纺纱织造也开始注重新原料的应用和生产加工工艺的创新,产品品种不断丰富,附加值不断提高,2016 年新产品产值率达35%。
    加工新技术
    智能+节能 迈向高端化
          在原材料阶段的科技创新稳步推进的基础上,纺织产品的加工技术也得到明显提升。纺织加工设备向连续化、自动化、高速化、信息化方向发展,特别是加快了对自动络筒、紧密纺、细纱带集体落纱、细络联、喷气涡流纺、转杯纺等适用新技术的使用,适应了国内外市场的需求。
          截至2016 年,全国自动络筒覆盖率达74%,较2011 年提高了10 个百分点;以紧密纺、喷气涡流纺为代表的新型纺纱技术,其纱线产量约占总产量的18% ;无梭细机占有率从2010 年的51.6%提高到2016 年的70.7%;自动穿经机数量由2010年的30 台,上升到2016 年的430 台,比2010 年增长1333%,占世界的85% 以上;高速织机40 万台,占世界的65% 以上。
           而在印染方面,随着印染技术进步和管理水平提升,水耗、能耗、污染物排放明显下降,废水处理能力、水重复利用率逐年提高。纺织工业废水排放量在全国工业废水中的占比继续下降,由2012 年的11.7% 下降至2015 年的10.1%。一批清洁生产技术的突破,从源头上减少了污染物的产生。染整工艺技术进步提高了面料的质量和功能化水平。
           据悉“十二五”期间,印染行业单位产品水耗由2.5 吨/ 百米下降到1.8 吨/百米,减少了28%;综合能耗由50 公斤标煤/ 百米下降到41 公斤标煤/ 百米,减少了18% ;水重复利用率由15% 提高到30%。2015 年纺织工业废水、化学需氧量、氨氮排放量分别减排5.3 亿吨、7.1 万吨和0.4 万吨;2016 年每百米印染布新鲜水取水量1.6 吨,比2010 年下降36%,高档面料基本实现自给。
    信息新系统
    两化融合为亮点 四大领域深入推进
          随着“中国制造2025”、“互联网+”的全面推进,信息技术在纺织行业的设计、生产、营销、物流等环节逐步深入应用。产品设计开发方面,在三维人体测量、服装人体数据库、虚拟试衣等技术支持下,基于互联网环境、面向个性化定制的服装设计逐步推广;CAD 与CAM 的接口技术及相关标准取得进展;纺织品颜色及相关工艺的数字化管理进一步深入;织物花型设计与服装款式设计有了结合的尝试;PLM 得到应用,在综合集成方面发挥了作用。
          在生产制造和管理方面,智能制造进展明显:MES 系统的推广与应用,如棉纺在线监测系统、织机在线监测系统、印染生产过程监控系统、针织网络管理系统、服装ETS 系统等取得良好效果;筒子染纱、棉纺等自动化、智能化生产线试点示范,推动了行业智能制造水平;化纤自动物流与仓储系统、筒纱自动包装物流系统实现企业物流智能化。
         在电子信息化方面,行业电子商务平台发展迅速,信息网络化服务水平有明显提升:电子商务平台发展迅速,纺织服装专业市场电子商务交易额大幅增长,服装家纺产品占全部网络销售额的20% 以上,并带动互联网从商业领域向制造领域的延伸;面向中小企业的信息化服务平台服务面增大,获得云计算等新的技术和运营模式的支撑,行业化软件通过云平台推广形成了众多“纺织云”。
         企业管理方面ERP 等管理软件的日臻完善并与MES 等应用系统集成;CRM、SCM 在互联网环境下更好地发挥了作用。制造服务化方面,“互联网+”和电子商务等信息技术,助推服装、家纺、印花产品的个性化定制的广泛应用,并形成新型制造模式。远程运维实现了数据的实时跟踪和诊断、维护。

     


     

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    k Almost all of the new phones and CD players today have another onslaught connected with accessories to get along with them plus the iPod isn't an different.So just how do you know which in turn accessories that you need for your personal iPod?

    The mp3 ecosystem because is often called, is definitely the accessories sector that exists for those portable battler.Companies want Lansing, Bose, and JBL production speakers that will work with the device utilizing the 40 pin connector on the unit.There are generally other manufacturers that offer add-ons to your device letting it to play ones music by using a radio, listing audio, and recharge travelling, or operate wirelessly with a remote command.

    Of course you will also find cases available for the convenient device by means of people buying these not only for protection in their devices but to help with making them extra fashionable also.These cases were created by organizations that focus of the vogue industry and are generally usually made of silicone or plastic.Apple has the benefit of cases and brought out nano pipes to complement the mp3 player Nano.

    When you're into winter sports or snowboarding you'll certainly be stoked to be aware of that Burton Snowboards has created a backpack as well as a jacket produced specifically to get with the iPod and allow you to control your own device by the Softtouch application to the sleeve with the jacket or even the strap in the backpack.This causes it to super effortless control a person's music whilst you're hitting any slopes.

    The brand-new iPod radio stations remote is a wired good remote control using a particular interface the same as the Shuffle.This adornment also gives you radio tuning with your player and also shows any station increasingly being played upon your screen.Support for the accessory is in the firmware variety 1.1.

    The mp3 player HI-Fi is excellent for those who wish to use the device to make sure you play music at your home.This procedure features increased loudspeakers plus docks together with player.The device offers the option of plugging to a regular wall plug or managing on DEFENSE cell batteries for portability when using the integrated manages.

    With the automotive industry, the Spanish automaker BMW introduced the best interface for those iPod that was released using a car supplier.This is actually a really fascinating option that aids you control your unit by way of controls at the steering tyre or to the stereo buttons inside the dash in the vehicle.

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